Happy National Batik Day, Know the History of Batik and Other Interesting Facts
Dear Millennial, did you know that today is National Batik Day? Yes, every October 2, the Indonesian people commemorate the National Batik Day. Old, young, big, small, rich or poor people should be proud and participate in preserving Indonesia’s original global cultural heritage.
The determination of the National Batik Day every October 2 is inseparable from the recognition of Indonesian batik as a world heritage or Humanitarian Heritage for Oral and Non-Cultural Culture since October 2, 2009 by UNESCO.
Indonesian batik is now increasingly popular along with its development. If in the past it was only used when formal occasions were in modest fashion, now batik has a more modern, elegant and luxurious look, like the long dress model, and so on. So batik, no longer out of date, old school alias.
This traditional cloth has also wrapped the bodies of artists and world leaders in prestigious international events, even for world beauty pageant events. Call it Barack Obama, Jessica Alba, Tom Cruise, Bill Gates, Kate Middleton, Beyonce who never wore batik. Once the fame of Indonesian batik abroad. If foreigners are happy to wear batik, can we or not?
On this National Batik Day, let’s peel about the origin of batik in Indonesia, motifs or patterns in various regions, and other interesting things from this archipelago fabric which is summarized from various sources.
History of Batik in Indonesia
Batik has a long history, where each style or motif contains a philosophy or meaning that is so thick with the values of life. Batik comes from the Javanese language “ambhatik”, from the word “amba” which means wide, broad, cloth; and “dot” or “automatic” which means connecting the dots into certain images on a wide or wide fabric.
In Javanese, batik is written “bathik”. Thus, the notion of batik is the art of painting on fabric by painting wax (wax) on a device called a canting. Batik crafts in the country are believed to have existed since the days of the Majapahit Kingdom, then extended to various regions and especially to Java after the end of the 18th century or early 19th century.
Although the name batik originates from Javanese, the batik technique is thought to have originated from Ancient Egypt or Sumeria more than 1,000 years ago. Similar techniques of batik also penetrated China, India, Japan, Africa, and Senegal thousands of years ago, to Indonesia.
Batik is a high work of ancestral art that has become the identity of the Indonesian people. In his journey, the person who was credited with popularizing batik to the world was the 2nd President of the Republic of Indonesia, Soeharto, who at that time was wearing batik when attending the United Nations Conference (UN).
Batik motifs that have gone international and their meanings